Over the past five years, we have witnessed increasing tension, volatility and uncertainty in markets across the globe. As a result, the complexity and cost of banking litigation investigations and regulatory enforcement will inevitably continue to rise. Financial institutions will thus have to become ever more astute to managing disputes in an unstable environment – but can business really continue as usual? Or should we adapt our approach to dispute resolution? Can London remain a leader in litigation, arbitration and regulation? And what will be the lasting impact of these political matters on dispute resolution for financial institutions?